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2020年08月11日 01:29 来源:冠亚MG视讯

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冠亚MG视讯YuBin,ChenHuai,ZhangLiqunExpandingdomesticdemandisanimportantmeasuretoalleviatethecurrenteconomicdifficultiesaswellasastrategicchna,seconomicdevelopmentThestructuralover-capacityandtheinadequatedem,thetotalvolumeoftotalconsumergoodsretailsalesandthein,urbanandruralhouseholdsdepositbalancehasfurthergrown,andthegapbetweenthebanks,Chinasexportshavealsodeclinedwhileimportshavegrowndrastically,,thecountryscommodityretailsalepricesandthehouseholdsconsumptionpriceindexhgmoreandmoredifficultiesinoperation,,whichhaveseensomeinitialeffect,ofindustrialization,rmationandthechangesoftheexternaleconomicenvironment,therootcause,in,,theformer,,’livingconditionshavebecomefairlywell-off,buttheproductionstructurehasnotbeenupgradedintime,,dis-(MPC)ofthehigh-incomestratumisfairlylowwhilethepotentialdemandofthelow-incomestratumc,dis-coor–techgoodshasledtoovercapacityinordinar,thestockresourcescanbehardlytraded,,dis-coordinationbetweenforeititiveagainstforeignrivals,,,thelowebboftheeconomiccycle,theincreaseofunemploymentandtheimperfectionofthesocialsecuritysystem--allthesehaveintensifiedthehouseholdsexpectationofincomeslowing-downandexpenditureincrease,,theabove-mentionedproblemsareallrelateintofthesupplysidetothatofthedemandside,expandingdemand,especiallydomesticdemand,hasbecomeabasicproceedingpointforChinaply,whichisanimpo,opening-upisbehindthegreatachievementsofthecountryicandforeignmarketsandthetwokindsofresourcesarethei,eco,exceptafewsmallcountrieswithuniqueconditions,havemaintainedtheireckeystomaintainingasustainable,n,iletheincreaseo,prospectsforexpansionarebright,ationandthemid-andlong-termdevelopmenttrend,Chinasexpansionofinvestmentdemandcountsonthefollowingaspects:,secondaryandtertiaryindustries,,inves,thegrowthofinvestmentdem,themineshutdownsinthecoalindustryandtheoutputlimitationintheironandsteelindustryaregovernmentalcompulsoryshrinkagemeasuresinthelightoftheirhigh-cost,low-techandunmarketableproducts,thenitisthemarketforcethathasbeenpushingforwardtherapiddevelopmentofcomputers,networks,,dte,’sentryintoWTO,w,entstrategy,weshoulddevelopresource-savingand“clean”,,basiccomponentsandbasicmaterials,thatis,weshouldtrytoimproveourowncapacityonthebaseofabsorbinganddigestingfor,,cars,tourism,entertainmentandothernewtypesofconsumptionaswellasinsurance,educationandinformationservices,willbecomenewhotspotsforinvestment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.XiongXianliangResearchReportNo173,geCitiesIn1998,therewere13bigcitiesinChina,eachwithanon-agriculturalurbanpopulationofover2million,and24cities,,,,talemployedurbanpopulationandtheinvestmenti,theGDPoftheurbandistrictsoftheselargecitieswasRMB1,,,993yuan,,wecanseethatwhetherthesecitiescanachieveahigh-speedgrowthwillbeprovedthatthereisagenerallawonthe“leadingdevelopmentoflargecitiesandtheirperipheries”.Thatistosaythattheemploymentandoutputinbigcitiesgrowataspeedhigherthanthatoftheentirecountryandallthecities,duetotheexistenceofthe“economieseffectofagglomeration”,wecanseethatthislawwasnotobviousinChinafrom1990to1997,whichwascloselyconnectedwiththestructuraldefectsintransportation,function,industry,consumptionandgeographicalecono,abouthalfoftheurbandwellershavetakenbicyclesastheirmainmeansoftransport,nextbybusesandcars,whilstrapidrailtransitsystems(includingsubwaysystems,urbanlightrailtransitsystems,urbanrailwaysandsuburbanrailways),Londonbuiltitsfirstsubwayin1863,Parisin1900,Berlinin1902,,,Seoul,Singapore,TaipeiandHongKong,aswellasWarsawandBudapestinEasternEurope,thefairlywelldevelopedrapidrailtransitsystemspacity,punctuality,fastspeedandsafety,aswellaspercapitalowoccupancyofroad,,itcantakeoneofthethreeformsoftransportation,,on-the-ground,overheadandundergroundtomatch,wherethepopulationintensityishigh,thedemand,ithasbecomeanobjectiverequirementofthebigcitiestobuildrapidrailtransportationsystemsforthepurposeofimprovingtransportationstructure,build,rapidrailtransportationwillalsogiveimpetus,rapidrailtransitsystemsconnectthedoomovetotheperiphery,where“satellitecities”aresetuptoreducethepopulationdensityandtheintensifieddemandfortransportationinthedowntownareas,apacityandreducethecostresultingfromtrafficjamsandalsoimproveanyandindustriallocationswillbemorehelpfulfortheextensionandradiationofthecitiestowardstheperiphery,thuspr,therewillbemorepercapitalandfloorage,morespaceforeconomicactivitiesandlowcostforlivingandparking,whichareconducivetotheenlargementofconsumptiononhousingandincreasingincarpurchasing,upgradingtheconsumptionstructureofthecitiestowardshousingandtransporta,theappearanceofbigcitiesinChinawillbeimprovedsignificantlyandthegapbetweenthesecitiesandthebigcitiesinthedevelopedcountriesbenarrowed....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

ByGuoJiaofeng,GaoShiji,ZhaoWenzhi,DongDazhongLiJianzhong,Rese,2015Inrecentyears,the“shalerevolution”intheUnitedStateshasresultedinasustainedincreaseofshaleoilandgasproductionandanoversupplyintheinternationaloilmarket,leadingtothesharpdropofoilpriceintheinternationalmarketsincethesecondhalfof2014,lessthan50dollarsperbarrel,,,someinternati,theytrytotackleproblemsbroughtbylowpricesandontheotherhandattachmoreimportancetoreducingcostandincreasingefficiencyofoilexplora,g(2015-2020),issuedbyChongqingMunicipalGovernmentinJanuary2015,thattheannuals,moreinterestisseeninplaceslikeSichuan,Guizhou,Shaanxi,,MinistryofLandandResourcesatestmarketinformation,scientificallyprojectthefutureproductionofshalegasinChinasoastoplaninadvanceandmakecarefulplanningforthedevelopmentofChina’,alongwiththeanalysisandin-depthstudiesofseveralinstitutions,webelievethatshalegasproductioninChinawillexceed5billioncubicmetersin2015andisexpectedtoreach30billioncubicmetersin2020,about15%edonshoreChinafromthePrecambrianperiodtotheCainozoicera,andwidelydistributedinthemainpetroliferousbasinsinthenorthandlargeareasinthesouth,theabundantorgan,ChinaNationalPetroleumCorporation(hereinafterreferredtoas“CNPC”),theStrategicResearchCenterforOilandGasResourcesofMinistryofLandandResources,theChineseAcademyofEngineering,andUSEnergyInformationAdministration(EIA),,andthedistributionofshaleresources,EIAestimatedeighteensetsofshalegasresourcesinsevenmajorpetroliferousbasinsorregionsonshoreChinain2013,,,theStrategicResearchCenterforOilandGasResourcesofMinistryofLandandResourcesorganized27researchinstitutestoassesstheshalegas,,,theChineseAcademyofEngineeringorganizedacademiciansinthefieldofoilandgasandexpertsinthreemajoroilcompaniestoestimatemarineshalegasresourcesinChinawithanalogy,,CNPCassessedshalegasresourcesinthekeyareasbas,,s,,thoughstillintheinitialstage,hasachievedmajorbreakthroughsandtherearepromisingprospectsSincestartingshalegasexplorationin2005,Chinahas,bytheendof2014,investedover20billionyuan,,,Chinahascompletedabunchofpilottestsconcerningshalegasexploration,carriedoutinitialassessmentofthepotentialsofonshoreshalegasresources,,industrialgaswasfoundinFulingJiaoshiba,Changning-WeiyuanandFushun-Yongchuanp,thefirstlarge-scalefieldwiththeproductionofhundredsofbillionscubicmetersinChina,andestablished4demonstrationareasofindustrializationdevelopmentofshalegas,obtainedover500billioncubicmetersofshalegas,(mergingintothenaturalgaspipelinenetworksurroundingtheSichuanBasinafterconnectingwiththeNa’anPipeline).In2015,ng6billioncubicmetersofshalbasicallybeenreadyAtpresent,Chinahasbasicallydevelopedthetechnologiesforselectingandevaluatinggeologicalconditionsoffavorableexplorationzones/strata,andestablishedtechnologicalmethodsandpletinghorizontalwellswithlongintervals(1500-2000meters),suchaswell-boretrajectorycontrol,cementing,drillingfluid,gasreservoirs,suchasfracturingtreatmentdesignofshalegaswells,configurationofslickwaterinvolumefracturing,massivefracturingoperation,,includingclusteringperforation,drillablebridge-plugstagedfracturing,cablepumpingbridgeplug,coiledtubingpumpingbridgeplug,completingshalegaswellgroups,anddrillingandcompletinghorizontalwellsectionswithasinglebitandscrewinonerun①.Besides,wehaveinitiallyformedsupportingequipmentandtechnicalprocessesforshal…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.①Atpresent,itisfeasibletodeployan,thereare6-10horizontalwells,whicharedrilledandcompletedwithstandardizedequipmentandservicesinthewayoftheproductionorassemblyline.

Source:“MonthlyReportofMonetaryCreditReceiptandPaymentofChineseFinancialInstitutions”,May1998Accordingtotheabovetable,lessthanfouryearsaftertheirfounding,thepolicyfinancia,,TheNationalDevelopmentBankhadprovidedfundsforover3,000projects,alpoliciesandtheregionaldevelopmentstratertheexportofsuchc,exportcreditinsuranceandexternalguaranteetosupporttheexportoflargequantitiesofhigh-techandhighvalue-addedelectronmechanicalandproductsandequipmentwithgoodeconomicresultand,whichhavebroadexportprospectontheinternationalmark,itapprovedexportseller’scredittotalingoverRMB40billionyuan,buyer’ndoilproducts,providingtheguaranteeforstabilizingagriculturalproductionandraisingpeasants’’spolicyfinancialinstitutionsAftertheirfounding,thesepolicdbanksdidplayaprominentroleinimplementingstateindustrialpoliciesa,withthepresentsituationinview,theyareconfronti,Liabilities,LossesandGainsofthePolicyBanksin1997(in100millionRMByuan)ByZhangChenghui,WangGangZhengHong,,’sFinancialSectorLegalsystemexercisesgreatimpactsonthedevelopmentoffinancialsectorduetoitsnatureofbeinga“contract-intensiveindustry”whichinvolvesmuchmoreintensiveandcomplexcontractualarrangementsinthepr,itismorelikelytoseeproblemslike“asymmetricinformation”and“moralhazard”.Shouldcontractsareimplementedwithoutsupervision,tradingrisksareboundtogreatlyincrease,affectinginvestors’informationandwillingnesstoentertransaction,awsisacommonproblemduringpreviousfinancialcriseswhichwerecausedbyvariousreasons①.Onlywithanopenandtransparentsystemoffinanciallawswhicheffectivelyprotectstherightsofmarketparticipants,canthesystemsuccessivelyattractmarketplayersfromhomeandabroadtoinvestandparticipateinmarkettransaction,andachievethesustainabledevel’,ratherthanadministrativepower,ureboosttherealeconomyinamoreefficientwaythroughaseriesofreforms,whichobviouslyshouldbeled,,itisnolongerfeasibletoover,regulatoryauthoritiesfindithardtodealwiththecomplicatedfinancialmarket,whi,regulatorsstrengthentheirauthoritybyexpandingpower,worseningproblemslikevyingtoregulate,gettingprofitsfromregulation,,orwithintensifyingcompetitioninfinancialmarket,quickerinte,abstractandvaguewayofauthorizingthepoweroflawenforcement,andi,itisimportanttoregulateandadjustrelationsamongfinancialregulators,institutions,markets,andclientsthroughlegalmeans,’sFinancialSectorThefirstprincipleallocatingresources,,theimprovementoffinanciallawsshouldbeguidedbytheideathatmarketplaysadecisiv,properlyassignlegalresponsibilitiestocriticallinksandtolawenforcementinstitutionssoastocreateeffectivejudicialrestraint,,participantsaremorelikelytobedrivenbyprofits,,specialattentionshouldbegiventosupervisingthefinancialproductsandactivitiesthataremulti-sector,highlyleveraged,off-balance-sheetassets,’interestsandaccumulationofsystemicrisksduetounfairfactors,suchasimbalancebetweenpowerandresponsibility,imbalancebetweencostandprofit,,itisnecessarytomatchusufructoffinancialbusinesswithcorrespondinglegalresponsibilities,regulatesellersofhigh-riskproducts,severelypunishfraud,induction,andnon-compliancetransaction,,weshouldmakelawastrongerdeterrent,regulatethemechanismofascertainingrelevantpartiescivilorcriminalliabilities,terestsoffinancialconsumers(especiallysmallandmediuminvestors).Theprimaryparticipantsinfinancialmarketareinvestors,,smallandmediuminvestorswillmosteasilysufferlossesbecauseofopaqueinformation,,financialconsumers,especiallysmallandmediuminvesto,weshouldcreateamechanismoperationalinthelegalframework,’(1),weshouldkeepthelegislativeobjectivestable,andavoidfrequentadjustmentswiththechangesinsituationssoasnottoimpairtheauthorityofl,,itisimportanttoformulatelawsandregulationswithprotectingrightsasthepriority,a,weshouldformulatedetailedratherthangenerallaws,andmeanwhilemakeiteasiertoenforcelawsbymakingarticlesasdetailedaspossible,reducingambiguity,andavoidingthesituationwherehigher-levellawsareinconsistentwiththelower-levellawsb,weshouldaddarticlesforjudicialdecisionstoimprovethejustifiabilityoffinanciallaws.(2)Weshouldlegislateinamorescientificanddemocraticwaybyadjustingthelegislatingprocess,increasingthetransparencyoflegislatingandamendinglaws.新葡京欢乐棋牌ByLaiYouwei,LiGuangqianShiGuang,ResearchTeamon"DevelopmentCharacteristics,ProblemsandCountermeasuresofChinasE-commerceServiceIndustry",GeneralOfficeofDRCResearchReport,(Total4580)I.FastGrowingTransactionVolumeofChinasE-commerceOverrecentyears,thetransactionvolumeofChinase-commercesawcontinuousgrowth,ologyofChina,thetransactionvolumeofChinase-commercereachedapproximatelyRMB10trillionyuanin2013,up25%,thesizeofChinaanewsourceforChina,withtheincreasingacceptanceofe-commerceandonlineshoppingbycorporateusersandconsumers,traditionalcompaniesaremarchingintothee-commerceindustrywithagrowingnumberofonlinesalesactivities,,%ofChinasonlineconsumptionrepresentedaswitchfromoffline,whiletheremaining39%,ChinasonlineshoppinggeneratedanaddedconsumptionvolumeworthRMB720billionyuanin2013,aclearmanifestatio,onlineshoppersinChinacontinuetogrowrapidly,,,thatnumberhadrisento302million,%,Chinase-commerceindustryisactivelyinvolvedinpursuingtechnologicalinnovationaswellasinnovationinbusinessmodel,,smobilee-commercemarketwillexceedRMB300billionyuan,withanaverageyearlygrowthof70%.Fourth,thedevelopmentenvironmentforChina,Chinase-commercehasenjoyedabetterdevelopmentenvironmentwiththeperfectionofrelevantlawsandregulationsaswellastheimprovedinfrastructureandtechnicalstandards,andwillundoubtedlyembraceanevenbrighterfuturewiththeestablishmentofasoundstatesupervisionsystem,strongerpolicysupport,furtherimprovedinfrastructure,edividedintothreetypes,namely,transactionalservices,supportingservices,AlibabaGroup,,,,,,,,,,,logisticsanddelivery,anddataoperation,,e-commerceoperationandonlinemodeling,,e-commerceservicesareexpandingthemselves,,Chinase-commerceserviceprovidershaveenormouspotentialsintodaysinformation-based,market-oriented,highlyconnected,,,ChinahasseenfasterintegrationoftheBusinesstoBusiness(B2B)modelandtheBusinesstoCustomer(B2C)modelaswellasth(C2C)commercestilldominatestheonlineretailmarket,occupyingover70%ofmarketshares,its,Chinase-commercetransaction,,andotherlarge-scalecomprehensivee-commercecom,,,,andotherB2Ccompaniesaretransformingfromstorestoplatformsbyallowingtcentyears.(1)slargestonlineandmobilee-commercecompany,AlibabaGroupoperatese-co,AlibabaGroupprovidesthreetypesofplatformservices,namely,B2B,C2C,,anaffiliateofAlibabaGroupandoneofChinasmostpopularC2Cplatform,hadapproximately500mil,,,eretailbusinesscommunitythatcoversC2C,groupbuying,distribution,auction,,sleadingB2Conlineshoppingwebsite,,,AlibabaGroup,,,,,,China,rsforonlinemarketing,transactioncommissions,srevenueforthefiscalyear2010,2011,2012,,,,snetlossforfiscalyear2010wasRMB503millionyuanandthenetprofitforthefiscalyear2011,2012,,,(2),,communicationsproducts,consumerelectronics,,italsoprovidesaseriesofvalue-addservicesforthethird-partyvendorssuchasonlinesalesplatformsandlogistics,,,,itsplatformturnoverexceededRMB100billionyuan.(3)Thethird-partye-commerceplatformsinGuangdongProvince,ZhejiangProvince,partye-commerceplatformsinGuangdongProvince,ZhejiangProvince,FujianProvinceandotherlocalareas,,e-commerceplatformswithanannualturnoverofoverRMB10billionyuan,,mainlycomefromthesteelindustry,thepetrochemicalindustry,thegrainindustry,andtheelectronicsindustry,,anumberofprofessionale-commerceplatformsareplayingan,,,,,,hoe-makingclusterinJinjiangCityandPutianCityandtheclothingandtextileclusterinQuanzhouCity....Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.

冠亚MG视讯信誉:父母披旗袍马褂为高考许愿!

韦德国际PT金钱蛙冠亚MG视讯,2015Itisimportanttofirmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,andfosternewdrivingforcesforagriculturalgrowth.“China’sFoodSecurityFoodSafetyStrategySummit”attentionfromallwalksoflife,includingtheinternationalcommunity,andplayedasignificantroleindesigningChina’rtyofChina,heldinOctober2015,reviewedandapprovedRecommendationsforthe13thFive-YearPlanforEconomicandSocialDevelopment,theblueprintforChina’sdevelopmentinthenextfiveyears,particularlyfocusingonimprovingthequalityandefficiencyofdevelopment,andacceleratingtheestablishmentofthesystem,mechanism,andeconomicgrowthmodelthatguidethenewnormalinChina’,withthethemeof“AgriculturalDevelopmentModeTransformationGrowthEngineSuccession”,reflectstheguidelinesofChina’snewdevelopmentphilosophyduringthe13thFive-YearPlanPeriod,andconcentratesonthelinchpinsinChina’odsupplyinChina,whichhascha,China’spercapitashareofgrainis450kg,,storage,processing,anddistribution,,solidfoundationforthecountrytodealwiththechallengesbroughtbyreformandopening-up,andmaintainsoundeconomicandsocialorder,butalsohasgreatlycontributedtopovertyandhungeralleviat,Chinahasmadearemarkableachievementbecauseitsupportsonefifthoftheworld’spopulationwithonefourthoftheworld’,oodsafetyisweak,,theactualamountofwaterusedinmajorgra,,suggestingChina’,China’’saveragelevel,,landandsoilinChinahavebeenoverlydeveloped,ndenvironment,thebasistosustainagricultureanditsdevelopmentwillbedestroyed,an,thestatehasraisedthefloorpurchasepriceofriceandwheat,aswellasthetemporarypurchaseandstoragepriceofmaize,effectivelypromotinggrainoutputandfarmers’,nonetheless,,thebiggestconflictinthefoodmarketisthatdomes,pricesofprimaryagricuubstitutes,whiledomesticfoodwithahighcostispurchasedbythegovernmentwiththeaimtosupportfoodprice,resultinginthegrowthoffoodproduction,’sagriculturalpoliciestoperfectthepricingmechanismofagriculturalproducts,improvethesystemoffoodpurchaseandstorage,,andtheasymmetricinformationamongproducers,dealers,consumersandregulators,,withover200millionfarminghouseholds,morethan400,000foodfirms,andsome3millionfooddealers,,depressedconsumermarket,andcontinuousincreaseofproductioncost,somefoodenterprises,inordertomaintaintheirprofitlevel,havereducedtheireffortsinqualitycontrol,’sImportedFood2010-2014issuedbyGeneralAdministrationofQualitySupervision,InspectionandQuarantineofthePeople’sRepublicofChina,thenumberofunqualifiedfoodimportedfrom112countriesandregionsduringthatperiodwas1692,1857,2499,2164and3505batchesrespectivelyeveryyearduringthatperiod,offoodsecurityandfoodsafety,wemustactivelytakemeasures,firmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,’smore,itisofsignificancetofocusonbothfoodquantityandquality,boththecurrentandlong-rundevelopment,bothdomesticmarketandinternationalmarketandresources,soastocomprehensivelyimprovefoodsecurityandfoodsafety.ByZhaoJinpingZhaoFujun,ResearchTeamon"AnalysisonForeignTradeandEconomicSituation",ResearchDepartmentofForeignEconomicRelationsofDRCResearchReportNo157,2013(Total4406)Aquestionnaire-basedsurveywasconductedonpresentexportgrowthrelatedto225foreig,exportsarecurrentlyexperiencingaslowgrowthonthewhole,smallenterprisesareencounteringamoresevereexportpredicamentthanlargeandmedium-sizedenterprises,theexportcostforhalfoftheenterprisescontinuestoincrease,exportpriceshavebeenincreasedatlarge,mostexportenterprisesarebeingembarrassedatalowexportprofitability,ordersfortheenterpriseshaveincreased,theexportsituationoverthewholeyearislikelytobeinlinewiththepreviousyearortoimproveslightly,andenterpriseshavegreatexpectationsoverthegovernmentsadoptionofproactivemeasurestoeffectivelyholdinchec,100weretelep,%intermsoftype;smalle%intermsofsize;%intermsofregion;thenumberofenterprisesinGuangdongrankedsecond,%;andintermsofexportmarket,%,%,andthenumberofenterprisesexportinggoodstoJapan,HongKong,%,%%,thenumberofenterprisesengagedinthebusinessoftextileandgarments,food,chemicalsandpharmaceuticals,%,%,8%,%%arSurveyresultspresentthefollowingfeaturesintermsoftheexeviousyearSurveyfindingsshowthatfromJanuarytoMaythisyearthenumberofenterprisesbreakingeve%andthenumberofenterpriseswithincreasedexportvolume(includingthosewithagrowthrateof5%~20%orabove)%.Onthewhole,thefirsthalfoftheyearsawasimilarorsl,thesurveyresultsindi%,%duringthesameperiodof2012;%,%,thenumberofenterprisesthatmaintainedbasicallythesameexportvolumeasin2012increased,,thesurveyresultsalsoindicatethatsincethisyearChinasexportgrowthhasremainedpregnantwithgrimprospectsonthewhole,showingsomedifferencefromtheexpectedgrowthtargetof8%.Table1ExportGrowthofEnterprisesSurveyed

EnergyissueisofstrategicimportanceaffectingChinasoveralleconomicandsociald,DRChasundertakenamajorresearchprojectonthestrategiesforChinasmid-andlong-termenergydevelopmentwiththeinvolvementofover70expertsfromrelevantChfanddemandforenergy;objectives,principles,androadmapofChinasfutureenergydevelopment;thecontroversialenergytechnologiessuchascoalchemical,nuclearpower,andelectricvehicles;keyenergyconsumingareassuchasurbanizationandtransport;,utionandSignificantChangesAreTakingPlaceinEnergyTechnology,,riodfeaturedbymulti-pointbreakthroughs,,renewableenergy,,electriccarsanndstorage(CCS)esbasedontheirresourceendowment,andwillproduceaprofoundimpactonstructureofenergysupply,modeofproductionandutilization,industrialorganizationandregionalstructure,,sign"peakoiltheory",thenewlyincreasedoildemandofChinaanityinvolvingthetraditionaloilproducingareas,,icaenergyindependent,,theUnitedStatesismoretoughandradicalinpushingthedemocratizationprocessintheMiddleEastdisregardingtheconstraintofoilissue,ngestoChinathatisthumbingaliftofinternationalenergytransitsecurity,makingitexposedtothegeo-politicalrisksinitssurroundingareas,,withthedecliningshareofitsnaturalgasinEurope,RussiahastoexportitsnaturalgastoEastAsia,cau,theglobalenergydemandisboundtogrowcontinuouslyand,eventhoughtheworldhasmadetremendouseffortstopushforwardgreentransformation,,%%,theenergydemandincrementsofChinaandIndiawouldtakeup33%and29%respectivelyoftheworld,althoughthedevelopmentofunconventionaloilandgasinNorthAmericahasimprovedtheregionalenergysupplytosomeextent,withcountriesinSouthAsia,ASEANandMiddleEaststeppinguptheirindustrializationprocess,,the,astheChineseeconomyisshiftingfromitshighgrowthtothemid-high,,ifcorrectenergystrategiesandpolicieswereadopted,economicrestructuringandindustrialupgradingwereacceleratedwhilelowcarbontransportationandgreenbuildingsweredeveloped,theenergydemandwouldbecontrolledataround5billiontonsa,China%annually,%intheperiodof2020-2030,%,Chinasenergyself-sufficiencyhasgenerallymaintainedatafairlyhighlevel,butthedependenceonoilandnaturalgasimporthaskeptclimbingwhiletheenvironmentalpressuresste,Chinasoilco,thedependenceonoilimportwouldreacharound75%by2030andthatofnaturalgaswouldalsorisespeedily,leadingtoseverechallengestoChinaalpressures,,itwouldposemajorchallengestoChinassocioeconomicdevelopment,,,NOX,,theemissionintensitywerenotcutandthecurrenttrendwerenotcontained,,GreenandHighlyEfficiaseffortstoacceleratethetransformationofitseconomicdevelopmentmode,Chinasenergystrategyshouldfocusonpromotingthetransformationofthemodeofenergydevelopmentinordertoestablishasafe,greenandhighlyefficientenergysysteminitiallyby2020,thefollowingsixareas:ensuringenergysecurity,prioritizingenergyconservation,optimizingenergystructure,targetinglowemissions,,whilestressingtherelianceondomesticresources,thedevelopmentofnewenergyandnaturalgaizethedomesticproduction,andc,ucetherelianceonoilimportfromtheMideastandthatonoilshippingthroughMalaccaStrait,iesshouldbeencouragedtoinvestinChinafocusingonthemid-and-downstreambusinesses,whileChineseenterprisesshouldbeencouragedtoinvestov,thecapabilitiminvolvingnationalbusinesse,perationsofpowersystemanditsshippingroutesensured.Source:,CBRCsuccessivelypromulgatedsupervisionpoliciesonbank-trustcooperation,mainlyincluding:threeprinciplesoncreditassetstransfer,,completenessandcleantransfer;adjustmentofthesupervisionindicatorsforboththetransferorandthetransferee;wealthmanagementfundsshouldnotbedirectlyusedtopurchasecreditassets;commercialbanksshouldtransferoff-balancesheetbank-trustwealthmanagementcooperationbusinessintobalancesheetbeforetheendof2011,setasideloanlossprovisionsatarateof150%andincludesuchassetsinriskweightedassets;balanceofbank-trustcooperationloansshouldbereducedproportionallyby25%quarterbyquarter;%forthebank-trustcoop,theregulatoralsopromulgatedsupervisionpolicies(Table2)pertainingtotheexplicitorimplicitrepurchaseclause,truthfulnessoftradebackgroundofbillbusinessand012bytheRegulatoronWealthManagementBusinessofBanks

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,’andacceleratingrebound.(1),theaveragenon-performingloanratio%.%,%higherthanin2013,,Chinahastosimultaneouslydealwiththeslowdownineconomicgrowth,makedifficultstructuraladjustments,,,itisimpossibletomaintainthenon-performingloanratiobelow1%,,14listedbanks,comparedwithonlythreein2013,hadanon-performingloanratioofover1%bytheendof2014,amongwhichAgriculturalBankofChina,%,%%,,ChongqingRuralCommercialBank,andShengjingBank,other18listedbankshadanincreasingnon-performingloanratioin2014,,ChinaEverbrightBank,AgriculturalBankofChina,ChinaMinshengBank,ShanghaiPudongDevelopmentBankandBankofChongqing,%.(2),t%,amongwhichChinaMinshengBank,PingAnBank,IndustrialBankandChinaMerchantsBankexceeded1%.Comparedwith2013,%%inAgriculturalBankofChina,PingAnBankandChinaMerchantsBank.(3),,the%,%,asfarasthespecificbanksareconcerned,14A-sharebanksexperiencedasharpincreaseinthemigrationratiofornormalloansmigrationratio,,,%,%,asforspecificbanks,thoughPingAnBank,ChinaMinshengBankandBankofChinaexperiencedafallingmigrationratioforspecial-mentionloans,other13A-sharebankssawasignificantincreaseinthemigrationratiofornormalloans.(4),theratiooflistedbanks,%,wasstillwaybelowthatofothermajoreconomiesandtheaverageofthe20largestbanksintheworld(seeTablebelow).

波音城竞彩APP,2015Itisimportanttofirmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,andfosternewdrivingforcesforagriculturalgrowth.“China’sFoodSecurityFoodSafetyStrategySummit”attentionfromallwalksoflife,includingtheinternationalcommunity,andplayedasignificantroleindesigningChina’rtyofChina,heldinOctober2015,reviewedandapprovedRecommendationsforthe13thFive-YearPlanforEconomicandSocialDevelopment,theblueprintforChina’sdevelopmentinthenextfiveyears,particularlyfocusingonimprovingthequalityandefficiencyofdevelopment,andacceleratingtheestablishmentofthesystem,mechanism,andeconomicgrowthmodelthatguidethenewnormalinChina’,withthethemeof“AgriculturalDevelopmentModeTransformationGrowthEngineSuccession”,reflectstheguidelinesofChina’snewdevelopmentphilosophyduringthe13thFive-YearPlanPeriod,andconcentratesonthelinchpinsinChina’odsupplyinChina,whichhascha,China’spercapitashareofgrainis450kg,,storage,processing,anddistribution,,solidfoundationforthecountrytodealwiththechallengesbroughtbyreformandopening-up,andmaintainsoundeconomicandsocialorder,butalsohasgreatlycontributedtopovertyandhungeralleviat,Chinahasmadearemarkableachievementbecauseitsupportsonefifthoftheworld’spopulationwithonefourthoftheworld’,oodsafetyisweak,,theactualamountofwaterusedinmajorgra,,suggestingChina’,China’’saveragelevel,,landandsoilinChinahavebeenoverlydeveloped,ndenvironment,thebasistosustainagricultureanditsdevelopmentwillbedestroyed,an,thestatehasraisedthefloorpurchasepriceofriceandwheat,aswellasthetemporarypurchaseandstoragepriceofmaize,effectivelypromotinggrainoutputandfarmers’,nonetheless,,thebiggestconflictinthefoodmarketisthatdomes,pricesofprimaryagricuubstitutes,whiledomesticfoodwithahighcostispurchasedbythegovernmentwiththeaimtosupportfoodprice,resultinginthegrowthoffoodproduction,’sagriculturalpoliciestoperfectthepricingmechanismofagriculturalproducts,improvethesystemoffoodpurchaseandstorage,,andtheasymmetricinformationamongproducers,dealers,consumersandregulators,,withover200millionfarminghouseholds,morethan400,000foodfirms,andsome3millionfooddealers,,depressedconsumermarket,andcontinuousincreaseofproductioncost,somefoodenterprises,inordertomaintaintheirprofitlevel,havereducedtheireffortsinqualitycontrol,’sImportedFood2010-2014issuedbyGeneralAdministrationofQualitySupervision,InspectionandQuarantineofthePeople’sRepublicofChina,thenumberofunqualifiedfoodimportedfrom112countriesandregionsduringthatperiodwas1692,1857,2499,2164and3505batchesrespectivelyeveryyearduringthatperiod,offoodsecurityandfoodsafety,wemustactivelytakemeasures,firmlyestablishandvigorouslyimplementthedevelopmentphilosophyofinnovation,coordination,greengrowth,opennessandfruit-sharing,acceleratetransformingagriculturaldevelopmentmode,’smore,itisofsignificancetofocusonbothfoodquantityandquality,boththecurrentandlong-rundevelopment,bothdomesticmarketandinternationalmarketandresources,soastocomprehensivelyimprovefoodsecurityandfoodsafety.ByZhangChenghui,,2015SincetheThirdPlenarySessionofthe18thCentralCommitteeoftheCommunistPartyofChina,manyreformmeasureshavebeenimplementedinChina’sfinancialsectorsuchasthemarketizationofinterestrate,wideropening-up,andstreamliningadministrationanddelegatingmorepowertolower-levelgovernmentsviaShanghaiFreeTradeZone(China),theto-be-adoptedIPOregistrationsystem,issuingthereformplanforpolicy-basedbanks,moreeffortsi,,notmuchsignificanteffecthasshown,andtheimprovementoffinancialser’’smanagementoverfinancialsectorThisquestionisthecoreofallinstitutionalproblems,theessenceofwhichishowtoadjusttherelationshipbetweengovernmentandfinancialmarket,and,asoneplayerinthefinancialmarket,governmentcannotd,’,throughitscontroloverfinancialinstitutionsandfinancialmarket(equity-holdingornon-equity-holding),governmentexercisesitsimpactontheallocationandreallocationoffinancialresourcesso,throughitsimpactonfinancialtransactions(suchasimplicitguaranteesforfinancialgoodsandassistancetoavoidbusinessfailureforfinancialinstitutions),governmentmaintainsfinancialeveneconomicandsocialstability,reducesfiscalexpenditureonmitigatingrisks,espe,throughdeepinvolvementinfinancialactivities,administr,centralandlocalgovernmentsareusuallyunwillin“letthemarketplayadecisiveroleinresourceallocationandletthegovernmentplayitsduerole”.Government’sinterventioontrol,governmentcontinuestoholdthemajorityofthesharesinfinancialinstitutionsanddirectlyappointhigh-levelmanagement;Throughadministrativepower,governmentordersfinancialinstitutionsdevotetheirsupportmainlytogovernmentprojects.(’sinterventionevenintensifieswheneconomicgrowthslowsdown,andlocalgovernmentshavegrowingpressuretomaintaineconomicgrowth.)Administrativedepartmentsoffinancialsectordirectlyestablishandregulatefinancialmarket,evensettingup“onespecializedmarketforoneproduct”.,governmentofficialsaremorewillingtointervenedirectlyinfinancialinstitutionswithadministrativecontrolsbecauseofthesimplicity,directnessandquickeffectratherthanindirectlyguideandaffectresourceallocationthroughmarketmechanism,,somefinancialadministrativedepartmentsdon’,theyeventendtostrs,financialreformhasencounteredso“makingbreakthroughsfromoutside”.Forexample,effortsaremadetopromotetheestablishmentofprivatebanks,tobemoretoleranttowardsthedevelopmentofInternetfinance,andtovigorouslydevelopallsortsoffinancialinstitutionsincludingsmallloancompanies,financingguaranteecompanies,financialleasingcompanies,“makingbreakthroughsfromoutside”onboostingthedevelopmentofrealeconomy,,theemerginginstituti,evenif100privatebanksaresetup,eachwithacapitalof2billionyuan,theirtotalassetsarenomorethan2to3trillionyuan,whilethetotalassetsofthefinancialinstitutio,itiscompetitivenessandriskcontrolabilityofthemajorfinancinginstitutionsthatplayakeyroleindeterminingserviceefficiencyandriskdegreeofChina’,basedontheexperienceofTaiwan,rapidlyremovingthethresholdofmarketaccesstoprivatebanksleadstoalargenumberofbanks,excessivecompetition,,financialregulatoryauthoritiesinTaiwanwereund,financialregulatorypressureoflocalgovernment,,theinconsistencyofmarketrulesandregulatoryef,majorfinancialinstitutionshavetheproblemsofnon-standardizedcorporategovernance,lackofheadquarterscontrolandriskcontrolability,,thereisawidespreadphenomenonth,itisestimatedthatgovernmenthasdirectorindirectshareholdingofabout60%-70%,alongwithacomplexandmulti-layerprinciple-agentsystemofstate-ownedassets,resultinthedifficultyfortheprinciplestoexerciseeffectiveregulationandsupervisionoveragents,lossininformationtransmissionacrosslayers,,,directorsandsupervisorsareusuallyselectedwi-,theboardsevenb,,thechairmanisnotonlythehighestrepresentativeofstockholders’interestsinthecompany,rsofdecision-makingpowerortheadministrativeauthoritytoappointandremovemanagers,inordertoavoidbeingremovedfrompracticalcontrol,“chairmanfirst,presidentsecond”,which,toalargeextent,,excessivenon-marketfactorsexercisestrongimpactontheselectionofcompany’,governmentusuallyappointsthetopmanagementoftheheadquartersoffinancialinstitutions.(InsomefinancialinstitutionscontrolledbyprivatecapitalliketheRuralCreditUnion,itsmanagementattheprovinciallevelisalsoappointedbythegovernment.)Inmostcases,,theconceptof“topmanagement”paniesareappointedwiththeapprovalofrelevantdepartmentsortheiroffices,whichgreatlyconstraiive-orientedbasedonbusinessactivitiesandmarketevaluation,butisincreasinglyinfluencedbyandsubjecttogovernmentadministration.

冠亚MG视讯ByGuoJiaofeng,GaoShiji,ZhaoWenzhi,DongDazhongLiJianzhong,Rese,2015Inrecentyears,the“shalerevolution”intheUnitedStateshasresultedinasustainedincreaseofshaleoilandgasproductionandanoversupplyintheinternationaloilmarket,leadingtothesharpdropofoilpriceintheinternationalmarketsincethesecondhalfof2014,lessthan50dollarsperbarrel,,,someinternati,theytrytotackleproblemsbroughtbylowpricesandontheotherhandattachmoreimportancetoreducingcostandincreasingefficiencyofoilexplora,g(2015-2020),issuedbyChongqingMunicipalGovernmentinJanuary2015,thattheannuals,moreinterestisseeninplaceslikeSichuan,Guizhou,Shaanxi,,MinistryofLandandResourcesatestmarketinformation,scientificallyprojectthefutureproductionofshalegasinChinasoastoplaninadvanceandmakecarefulplanningforthedevelopmentofChina’,alongwiththeanalysisandin-depthstudiesofseveralinstitutions,webelievethatshalegasproductioninChinawillexceed5billioncubicmetersin2015andisexpectedtoreach30billioncubicmetersin2020,about15%edonshoreChinafromthePrecambrianperiodtotheCainozoicera,andwidelydistributedinthemainpetroliferousbasinsinthenorthandlargeareasinthesouth,theabundantorgan,ChinaNationalPetroleumCorporation(hereinafterreferredtoas“CNPC”),theStrategicResearchCenterforOilandGasResourcesofMinistryofLandandResources,theChineseAcademyofEngineering,andUSEnergyInformationAdministration(EIA),,andthedistributionofshaleresources,EIAestimatedeighteensetsofshalegasresourcesinsevenmajorpetroliferousbasinsorregionsonshoreChinain2013,,,theStrategicResearchCenterforOilandGasResourcesofMinistryofLandandResourcesorganized27researchinstitutestoassesstheshalegas,,,theChineseAcademyofEngineeringorganizedacademiciansinthefieldofoilandgasandexpertsinthreemajoroilcompaniestoestimatemarineshalegasresourcesinChinawithanalogy,,CNPCassessedshalegasresourcesinthekeyareasbas,,s,,thoughstillintheinitialstage,hasachievedmajorbreakthroughsandtherearepromisingprospectsSincestartingshalegasexplorationin2005,Chinahas,bytheendof2014,investedover20billionyuan,,,Chinahascompletedabunchofpilottestsconcerningshalegasexploration,carriedoutinitialassessmentofthepotentialsofonshoreshalegasresources,,industrialgaswasfoundinFulingJiaoshiba,Changning-WeiyuanandFushun-Yongchuanp,thefirstlarge-scalefieldwiththeproductionofhundredsofbillionscubicmetersinChina,andestablished4demonstrationareasofindustrializationdevelopmentofshalegas,obtainedover500billioncubicmetersofshalegas,(mergingintothenaturalgaspipelinenetworksurroundingtheSichuanBasinafterconnectingwiththeNa’anPipeline).In2015,ng6billioncubicmetersofshalbasicallybeenreadyAtpresent,Chinahasbasicallydevelopedthetechnologiesforselectingandevaluatinggeologicalconditionsoffavorableexplorationzones/strata,andestablishedtechnologicalmethodsandpletinghorizontalwellswithlongintervals(1500-2000meters),suchaswell-boretrajectorycontrol,cementing,drillingfluid,gasreservoirs,suchasfracturingtreatmentdesignofshalegaswells,configurationofslickwaterinvolumefracturing,massivefracturingoperation,,includingclusteringperforation,drillablebridge-plugstagedfracturing,cablepumpingbridgeplug,coiledtubingpumpingbridgeplug,completingshalegaswellgroups,anddrillingandcompletinghorizontalwellsectionswithasinglebitandscrewinonerun①.Besides,wehaveinitiallyformedsupportingequipmentandtechnicalprocessesforshal…Ifyouneedthefulltext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.①Atpresent,itisfeasibletodeployan,thereare6-10horizontalwells,whicharedrilledandcompletedwithstandardizedequipmentandservicesinthewayoftheproductionorassemblyline.YuBin,ChenHuai,ZhangLiqunExpandingdomesticdemandisanimportantmeasuretoalleviatethecurrenteconomicdifficultiesaswellasastrategicchna,seconomicdevelopmentThestructuralover-capacityandtheinadequatedem,thetotalvolumeoftotalconsumergoodsretailsalesandthein,urbanandruralhouseholdsdepositbalancehasfurthergrown,andthegapbetweenthebanks,Chinasexportshavealsodeclinedwhileimportshavegrowndrastically,,thecountryscommodityretailsalepricesandthehouseholdsconsumptionpriceindexhgmoreandmoredifficultiesinoperation,,whichhaveseensomeinitialeffect,ofindustrialization,rmationandthechangesoftheexternaleconomicenvironment,therootcause,in,,theformer,,’livingconditionshavebecomefairlywell-off,buttheproductionstructurehasnotbeenupgradedintime,,dis-(MPC)ofthehigh-incomestratumisfairlylowwhilethepotentialdemandofthelow-incomestratumc,dis-coor–techgoodshasledtoovercapacityinordinar,thestockresourcescanbehardlytraded,,dis-coordinationbetweenforeititiveagainstforeignrivals,,,thelowebboftheeconomiccycle,theincreaseofunemploymentandtheimperfectionofthesocialsecuritysystem--allthesehaveintensifiedthehouseholdsexpectationofincomeslowing-downandexpenditureincrease,,theabove-mentionedproblemsareallrelateintofthesupplysidetothatofthedemandside,expandingdemand,especiallydomesticdemand,hasbecomeabasicproceedingpointforChinaply,whichisanimpo,opening-upisbehindthegreatachievementsofthecountryicandforeignmarketsandthetwokindsofresourcesarethei,eco,exceptafewsmallcountrieswithuniqueconditions,havemaintainedtheireckeystomaintainingasustainable,n,iletheincreaseo,prospectsforexpansionarebright,ationandthemid-andlong-termdevelopmenttrend,Chinasexpansionofinvestmentdemandcountsonthefollowingaspects:,secondaryandtertiaryindustries,,inves,thegrowthofinvestmentdem,themineshutdownsinthecoalindustryandtheoutputlimitationintheironandsteelindustryaregovernmentalcompulsoryshrinkagemeasuresinthelightoftheirhigh-cost,low-techandunmarketableproducts,thenitisthemarketforcethathasbeenpushingforwardtherapiddevelopmentofcomputers,networks,,dte,’sentryintoWTO,w,entstrategy,weshoulddevelopresource-savingand“clean”,,basiccomponentsandbasicmaterials,thatis,weshouldtrytoimproveourowncapacityonthebaseofabsorbinganddigestingfor,,cars,tourism,entertainmentandothernewtypesofconsumptionaswellasinsurance,educationandinformationservices,willbecomenewhotspotsforinvestment....Ifyouneedthefullcontext,pleaseleaveamessageonthewebsite.ByLvWei,ResearchTeamon"InnovationStrategyandPolicyintheCourseofAdjustingandUpgradingIndustrialStructure",,2013(Total4407)sCurrentIndustrialTechnologyInnovationinChinaSincethebeginningofthe21stcentury,Chinasscienceandtechnologyinputhaswitnessedaswiftgrowth,withthescienceandte,itseffectsaretakingplace,theindustrialtechnologyadvancehasaccelerated,,butRDintensitystilllagsfarbehindinnovation-orientedcountriesCurrently,ChinastotalRDexpenditureranksthesecondintheworldandtheproportionofthecountrysRDexpenditureinitsGDP(RDintensity)ranksthetopplaceamongdevelopingcountries,surpassingsomehigh-incomec~2012,China,withitsaggregatestandingatoverRMBonetrillionyuan,%%.ThetotalnumberofChinashumanresourcesengagedinscienceandtechnologyandthecountry~2011,bilityabovetheaveragelevelInternationally,therankingofChinasmanufacturingcapabilityhasturnedouthigherthanthecountrysrankingofindustrialcompetitiveness,andtherankingofthecountrysindu,thevalueaddedofChinasglobalindustrialcompetitivenessindex2009,Chinasindustrialcompetitivenessindexranked5thintheworld;inlinewiththerankingsofnationalcompetitivenessreleasedbytheWorldEconomicForum,Chinahasranked26th~29thinrecentyears;basedonthe2012globalinnovationindexjointlyreleasedbyINSEADandWIPO,erpriseinnovationabilityshowsadualstructureOnonehand,~2012,theproportionofRDexpendituresofenterprisesinthewholesocietyincreasedfrom61%to74%,higherthanthatoftheUnitedStates,,theproportionofthefull-timeequivalentofenterpriseRDpersonnelinthewholesocietywas75%,theon-dutyinventionaccountedfor64%ofthenationaltotal,andtheworkablepatentsforinventionmadeupmorethan55%,thetechnologicdlevelsonthewholeandsomeenterpriseswithcore,anumberofinnovation-orientedenterprisesthathavesomeinfluenceintheinternationalmarket,suchasHuawei,ZTEandLenovo,,mostenterprisesstayatthestageoftechnologyfollow-up,simulatedmanufacturing,low-endprocessingandmanufacturingandlow-pricecompetition,makingitdifficul,,theproportionoflargeandmedium-sizedindustrialenterprisesinvolvedinRDactivitieswaslessthan30%,%;theproportionofindustrialenterprisesabovethedesignatedwithRDactivitiesaccountedonlyfor12%,%.,andtheinnovationsarefocusedonintegratedinnovationandoninnovationinassimilating,absorbingandimprovingintroducedtechnologiesThroughyearsofassimilationandabsorptionofimportedtechnologies,theabilityofChineseenterprisestoaccumulatetechnologiesandfundshasimprovedconstantly,,enterpriseshaveintensifiedefforttomakeinputinindependentresearchanddevelopmentandinassimilationandabsorptionofimportedtechnologies,andrelevantprogresshasbeenmadeinindustrialtechnologiesbyshiftinggraduallyfromrelyingontechnologicalfollow-upandimitationtointroducingofpr,,during2004~2011,theratioofRDexpendituresspentbyindustrialenterprisesabovethedesig,theratiooftechnologyassimilat%to45%,andtheratiooffundsspentonpurchaseofdomestictechnologiestofundsspentonintroductionoftechnologiesincreasedfrom20%%.,andChinastraditionalindustriesenjoyinnovationadvantagesAtpresent,althoughRDexpendituresaggregateamongmoderatelytechnicalandhi-techindustries,yetcomparedwithdevelopedcountries,Chinastraditionalmoderatelytechnicalandhi-techmanufacturingindustrie,comparedwiththeRDintensityof12OECDmembercountriesrecordedduring1991~1999,during2004~2009,theRDintensityofChinaslow-technologymanufacturingindustriesfoundtheminimumdisparitywiththatofOECDmembercountries(evenhigherthanthatofthosecountriesinsomeyears),andtheRDintensityofmoderatelytechnicalandhi-techmanufacturingindustrieswasmuchlowerthanthatof12OECDmembercountriesrecordedduring1991~,USA,JapanandSouthKorea,theaverageRDintensityofChinasmanufacturingindusmanufacturingindustryisabout1/3thatofUSAandJapan,%thatofGermany,52%thatofSouthKorea,whiletheRDintensityofthehi-techmanufacturingindustriesisonly1/10thatofUSA,16%thatofJapan,%thatofGermanyand29%thatofSouthKorea(Table1).Table1InternationalComparisonofRDIntensityofChinasManufacturingIndustryin2011(%)

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